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Full text of "Equalizing X Distort - Zine Archive Upload 1"

The Class are a four-piece from Scarborough 
with Andy (Vocals/guitars), Christian (guitar), 
Greg (drums, and Kyle (bass). The Class grew 
out of a skate punk band called Nobody Cares 
(NBC) a few years back The name change was 
preceded by a sound change more in tune with 
the current day chaos punk/ oi scene. The Class 
have played out a bunch locally and have just 
released their first CD entitled "The 
Class.. .Mates You" on Wounded Paw Records. 
They played on January 6th for CIUT's 
Equalizing-X-Distort where we had a chance 
to converse. 

How did the Class form ? 

Andy: The period of time that THE CLASS 
have been around has only been for about a 
year. We started in July of '99. For about two 
weeks we were a band called INSIDE JOKE. 
We weren't playing, nobody really knew that 
this was the name of the band, we were just 
dicking around in the basement. We wrote a 
minute and a half songs and we decide that was 
pretty stupid so we came up with an even 
dumber name. At the time, it was NOBODY 
CARES and we initialized it as NBC. Came up 
with a little logo that bared a striking 
resemblance to the actual NBC TV network 
logo. We bunked that after a year. We had already 
changed styles about three times by that point. 
I think the point where we started to change 
was the first time we heard the CASUALTIES. 
If a band can be that popular singing about the 
clothes they wear, why can't we. 
It was the CASUALTIES that got you guys 
into changing your sound. 
Andy: Well yeah. The atmosphere in Toronto, 
not to throw insults, you either have hardcore 
and you have a lot of metal which somehow 
gets fused into the punk scene and you grow 
up with that atmosphere that is surrounding 
you. Being indoctrinated with "anti-this" and 
"anti-that" and "I hate the world" and "Down 
with everything" you see a band that's not afraid 
to dress the way that it used to be done and 
that are not worried about thinking that they 
are fashion punks. 1 think that is really brave 
today. It's basically what was around at the 
time. Things have changed a lot since then and 
there is a band out there like the CASUALTIES 
who can be an inspiration to a lot of people. 
Where did the name the CLASS come from 
and what's the significance behind the 
name ? 




Andy: We had a whole bunch. I think one, as a 

joke, was the SHOPPING CART KIDS. 

Christian: THE ROTTEN SODS 

Andy: We had ROTTEN FURY. 

Christian: We were trying to be British. 

Andy: Yeah, well it's the only thing we know. 

And these guys threatened to kick me out of 

the band unless I came up with something better 

than that, 

Greg: Now we can't change our name because 

we are too well hated. 

Andy: At least we are not ignored. THE CLASS 

has absolutelyTTo meaning what-so-ever. It's 

just a stupid name that I think kind of sounds 

good. 

Let me ask you this. When you coming up 

with names and the CLASS came up, what 

were you thinking of when you thought of 

the CLASS ? 

Andy: Oi and street punk in general is associated 

with the working class. Not that the name has 

any real direct relationship with that way of 

life. 

It's a reference to the class structure.... 

Andy: It's a little bit of a reference. It's more of 

a solid sound to the name than say THE 

SOMETHING CLASS SO AND SO's. It's not 

a real hardcore name and it's not OI MAN AND 

THE BOOTBOYS. 

Who are your influences ? Who do you 

listen ? 

Greg: I love bands like the CRACK, DE MOB, 

BROKEN BONES, CHAOTIC DISCORD 

and RIOT SQUAD. Stuff like that, so it is a big 

range of stuff that I like. Anywhere from '77 to 

'82 to '85. 1 love all of it. It's all good to me. 

Andy: Once he gets around 1989 he stops 

listening to it. 

Greg: Yeah somewhere around there. I hate the 

90's. 

Christian: I would say that my influences include 

the EJECTED, ABRASIVE WHEELS, 



BROKEN BONES, ONE 
WAY SYSTEM, 

COCKSPARRER... 
Andy: ...yourrun-of-the-milt 
oi bands from back in the day. 
Kyle: COCKSPARRER, the 
EJECTED, the BUSINESS, 
there is more I am forgetting. 
HARD SKIN. 

Andy: Yeah definitely HARD 
SKIN. The funny thing about 
them is that today, in terms 
of oi, as opposed to street 
punk or chaos punk or UK 
'82 punk, in terms of flat out 
straight out skinhead oi, 
HARD SKIN is the greatest 
and the funny thing about them is that they are 
pisstake band. They are a complete and utter 
joke. As for the rest of my influences, I'm 
leaning more towards the musician's point of 
view. I love everything from the early 80's and 
all the Riot City bands, the Secret Records 
bands, and everything. The one problem I have 
about it is that I like to hear something original 
and at that time everything was four-four punk 
rock and you listened to the 4-SKINS you 
listened to the EJECTED. Every song was 
about going down to the football game. Today 
I find that a lot of the bands have something 
new to offer. You take all of these modern chaos 
punk bands today. I think one of my favourite 
bands out of the lot - the east coast spikey 
punk bands - is the VIRUS. They have 
something new to offer. Basically, I like a lot of 
the modern stuff just a smidgen more than the 
older stuff, only because it's got a little more 
music to it. That's not to say that I don't like 
those other bands. 

Of the bands that you were talking about 
in terms of influences, do those bands 
represent the things that come out in your 
music. 

Christian: No they sound good though. 
Okay then let me backtrack a little bit and 
ask about influences that you would 
directly borrow sounds from. 
Andy: The ABRASIVE WHEELS , the 
EJECTED, the DEFECTS. 
Greg: 1 think that the faster drumming stuff 
comes from the EJECTED because the 
EJECTED have a fast drum sound without 
making it sound too metally and what not, and 
a lot of my slower stuff comes from the 
CRACK and MENACE, so I take my 
influences from those kind of bands in my 
drumming. Nothing too crazy thrashy and 
nothing too wimpy pop. 
Andy: I am a great big fan of the BUSINESS so 



a song like "You've Gotta Lot 
to Learn", if you listen carefully 
to "National Employer's 
Blacklist" there's a pretty big 
similarity. Mike Ness is my 
guitar hero so a lot of the way I 
play is based on Mike Ness' 
guitar playing. He is just... .1 
want to make love to him. 
Greg: I think one of the best 
punk drummers that I have 
heard from the 80's is the guy 
from MAU MAUS. That guy 
is nuts. 

The CD sounds amazing. 
Have your recorded before as 
NBC? 

Andy: We recorded as NBC- 
Christian: ...it's the shame of the band. 
Andy: We have one copy of the burned CD. 
Christian: Does anyone want a copy ? It's ten 
grand. 

Andy: Yeah, it's ten grand. See if you can come 
up with that then maybe we will negotiate 
something, but that is never going to be released. 
It was 7 songs of total utter garbage. 
You don't like it at all ? 
Andy: It was terrible. We didn't mix it. We 
didn't master it. We just recorded it, took the 
CD home, and threw it in the garbage. 
Greg: It sounds like we recorded on one of those 
Fisher Price recorder things, after it would have 
been beaten a couple of times. 
How did the recording with Wounded Paw 
at Sound Foundation come about ? Howdid 
you find out about Sound Idea ? 
Andy: We got invited by Preston in April two 
years ago - back in the NBC days. It was 
around when we were being influenced by the 
CASUALTIES. We were approached and asked 
to play a show that was a studio opening party. 
We found out about it, we had enough songs, 
we thought we were good enough at that time. 
We talked to Preston, he said give us $200 for 
the day. We went in, we did it and we threw it 
in the garbage. Actually I keep it. I listen to it 
once in a while just as punishment. 
Greg: We were just in to record about a month 
ago. We just recorded a new song for a 
compilation. It sounds really great. 
Andy: I honestly think that this one song 
"Apathetic Youth" - we recorded it at the last 
minute. We called 7 studios and everybody was 
booked except Preston. Preston called me at 
the last minute the day before and he fit us in. 
We recorded this one song. We actually took 
the time. We laid down more than two guitar 
tracks and we actually played the songs about 
ten or fifteen times to get it right and I think it 
is great. I think it tops the whole CD. 
What is this suppose to get released on ? 
Andy: We have no idea what the record is to be 
called. It is to appear on Longshot Records 
based in Vancouver. The comp is called 
something like "Toronto vs. Edmonton" or 
"Toronto vs. the West". 




.•■"■.'V'S* 



V **'J.I Ses 




Can you tell me a bit about the idea of the 
comp ? 

Greg: I think it is just to showcase Canadian 
bands because there hasn't been a good 
Canadian compilation since "Oi, Let's go 
Canada", like within the type of music that we 
play and that's a long time ago. It doesn't seem 
like anyone is putting one out so I think Mike 
from Longshot is trying to bring it about and 
bring recognition to Canada's oi scene. 
Who is going to be on the comp ? 
Greg: RIOT '99, the CLASS ASSASSINS, us 
and then from Edmonton WEDNESDAY 
NIGHT HEROS, THE CLEATS, and I think a 
band called KNUCKLEHEAD. 
Do you know when this comp is supposed to 
come out ? 

Greg: We really aren't sure. I know we had to 
hand in the music a couple of weeks ago and we 
are suppose to take a glamour shot of ourselves, 
but I am not exactly sure when it is set to come 
out. 

Andy: Roughly around February or March. 
Howdid this comp contribution come about? 
Greg; One of our close friends, Taras who also 
plays in RIOT '99, approached us about it and 
told us that it was going down and asked us if 
we wanted to be on it and any exposure is great 
so we decided that we should record a track 
and do it. 

Can you tell me about any future 
recordings that you might have coming up? 




ISSUE 2, NUMBER 1 

EQUAUZING-X-DISTORT MONTHLY is an 

extension of the weekly radio show heard on 
CIUT 89.5 FM every Sunday nights from 10:00pm 
'til midnight (Hosts: Martin Farkas, Noah Gadke, 
Simon Harvey and Stephe Perry). 

The show dedicates itself to the underground 
hardcore punk scene. There is a particular 
emphasis on international releases in Die (developing 
thrash, power violence, straight edge, grind, 
burning spirits, and Killed By Death scenes, which 
means we play material like Jellyroll Rockheads, 
Recension, Backstabbers Inc., Asterick*, NK6, 
and Svart Sno. 

There Is a weekly demo feature (paying 
homage to the cassette format), weekly event 
listings, and a monthly top 10 retrospective look at 
releases, 

Equaiizing-X-Distort 

CIUT 39.5 FM 

Sundays 10:00 pm - midnight 

91 St George Street, 

Toronto, ON 

M5S2E8 

Canada 

Request Line: (416) 946-7000 

e-mail: equalizlngXdistort@c!ut.fm 

Website: www.ciut.fm 



fK\ 


CIUT 89.5 FM - "Equalizing Distort" 




Wg^W 


Top 10 Hardcore Releases 






\^J^ 


for December 2001 






DISTORT 








Band 


Title 


Format 


Label 


1. Various Artists 


Killed by Hardcore, Volume 2 


LP 


Redrum 


2. Vivisick 


Punks were made 


ep 


Sound Pollution 


3. Various Artisls 


No One Left to Blame 


LP 


bootleg 


4. Spazin 151 


Sworn to Fun, Loyal to None 


ep 


Uncontrolled 


5. Bom Dead Icons 


Salvation on Ihe Knees 


LP 


Partners in Crime 


6. Various Artisls 


920 Wisconsin Rock 'n Roll 


LP 


Trick Knee 


7. Sniper 


From the Tombs 


ep 


Kick 'n Punch 


8. John Brown's Army / Reagan SS splil 


ep 


Gloom 


9. Seein'Red/Vuur 


split 


ep 


Day One 


10. Epileptic Terror Attack 


No Failh 


LP 


Deranged 


Equalizing Distort can be heard every Sunday night on CIUT 89.5 FM at 10:00 pm. The top 10 


countdown can be heard 


in its entirely, complete with previews of the picks 


and analysis on the 


previous month in hardcore, on the last Sunday of the month 








■1-C 

KING SIZE BRACES and THE PROWLERS, 
who happened to be skinhead bands. Not like 
any nationalist skinhead bands promoting 
racism or anything like that, but some rumours 
got started about us and the song "Class 
Anthem" just pretty much is about being a band 
and you're not going to change us. We are going 
to play what we want to play. 
Andy: I like that song as well. I think it is a big 
two fingers in the air to all kids who talk shit 
about us. 

Christian: My favourite song is "Anti- 
Everything" because it's funny. It is about 
absolutely nothing. It is about hating everything 
for absolutely no reason and it's absolutely 
hilarious. 

Andy: Yeah, it is definitely a joke song. There 
is a line it "I hate crusties homeless punks". 
Well that is really intelligently written, isn't it. 
Kyle: The lyrics were written on the car ride 
down to the recording studio. 
Andy: Basically that is us trying to be the most 
offensive we possibly can without going into 
things like racism and homophobia, which we 
wouldn't sing about. That song is a goofy, 
ridiculous, completely pointless song with no 
social relevance whatsoever. 
How can people get in touch with the 
CLASS ? What's your mailing address ? 
Christian: They can e-mail us at 
hardcorekit@hotmail.com. We would love to 
do shows. And if you don't got a computer get 
one. 

Kyle: Come to our shows 
Greg: For those kids who don't have computers 
you will find us around the city. We are always 
around. I don't think I should give me phone 
number out. Mailing address, if you send 
something to the band, you could send it to 33 
Long Island Cres. / Scarborough, ON / MIC 
5E5. If you ever want to send something to us, 
send us hatemail or CDs or if you ever want to 
do split records or whatever, just send it to the 
address above. 




(Notes on the new and obscured) 

January saw the releaseof some stellar releases 
like the infamous GORDON SOLIE 
MOTHERFUCKERS 10" in the year that 
they were to play their last show. The 
AMDE PETERSENS ARME from 
Denmark were to release their 
debut ep. A supergroup from 
Chicago called DEARBORN 
SS was to see their and only ep 
released on Lengua Armada. WHAT 
HAPPENS NEXT, a band that was one 
of the most productive hardcore bands 
from last year saw their first release in January. 
The third "Suburban Voice" comp came out in 
January. And in terms of bootlegs, the "Russia 
Bombs Finland" saw a repressing, which was 
amazing. A series called "Hyped to Death" 
released a lot of comps in January. A legendary 
thrash band from Sweden called PROTES 
BENGT saw an official discography of their 
material. The Portland scene started re-surging 
with a new wave of peace punk bands, which 
included ATROCIOUS MADNESS. The 
ANAL MUCUS discography was released 
But the new bands that left their mark 
include JOHN BROWNS ARMY, 
CURTAINRAIL - from Japan, 
and an Israeli band called DIR 
YASSIN. Here's JOHN 
BROWN's ARMY, Nate Wilson 
of Devoid of Faith's new band.... 

February saw the release of the second 
PAINTBOX full length. The amazing 
CHARM demo was released as a one side ep. 
YOUTH ENRAGE's full length was released 
on vinyl in North America. The debut 
TRAGEDY LP came out. HOLIER THAN 
THOU's first ep came out, a band that was to 
create much anticipation with an LP later in the 
year. One of the best 'Dis-clone' bands called 
DISCLOSE released a new LP. MASSLAKT 
from Sweden were to release their first of 
two amazing eps to come out in 200 1 . A 9 
SHOCKS TERROR split with the 
KILLERS came out graced in 
PUSHEAD artwork and it was 
interesting to find that Pushead 
had returned to doing hardcore 
band's artwork. And a North 
American CROW release turned a lot 
of folks onto this lesser known Japanese 
band that many people came to know with 
a North American tour supported by 
ARTIMUS PYLE. In terms of comps the 
"South America in Decline" comp was released 
as was the second "Tomorrow will be Worse" 
in a more unified format. A great Canadian 
unearthing saw the release of a second wave 
punk band from Hamilton called the DREAM 
DATES. But the month was marked by a busy 





re-issuing/ bootlegging month. RAW POWER 
saw a re-issue of "Trust Me", RATOS DE 
PARAO saw their second release get a North 
American vinyl release, the DOGS were 
released on vinyl, another ANGRY 
SAMOANS release came to fruitition, VICE 
SQUAD saw two full length re-issues, as did a 
YOBS re-issue of the "Christmas Album". 
Other leser known re-issues included 
like KAFKA PROCESS, 
l.i sJNY BRAINS, the PRICKS, 
LA PESTE (from Boston), and 
s MISGOVERNMENT (from 

Sweden). Perhaps the re-issue 
lat left it's mark was the first of 
■ v series to be called "Killed by 
Hardcore" that would set hardcore 
record collecting on it's ear. As for the top 
few releases in February, we will leave the 
honours a lesser known band from Brazil called 
MUKEKA DI RATO, and TEAR IT UP from 
New Jersey - a band that would impact the 
hardcore scene with a multitude of releases. 

March was slower in terms of things like boots 
and re-issues. The DIE KREUZEN "Cows and 
Beers" ep was released, the first of many 
GIZMOS records came out, a legendary 
Japanese comp called "Eye of the Thrash 
Guerilla" was pressed as a vinyl release, 
and Max Ward released the HHH 
discography. In terms of comps, 
"Short, Fast and Loud" blew onto 
the stage with a CD comp and 
there was a 4 1 band sXe boxset 
featuring sXe bands from 41 
different countries. In terms of 
new releases 324, LAST SECURITY, 
SEWN SHUT, and BRUCE BANNER 
a new Swedish fastcore band featuring 
members from PROTES BENGT and FILTHY 
CHRISTIANS. There were some cool splits 
like the JABARA / @PATHIA NO, 
DISCLOSE / TOTAL1TAR and a KAAOS / 
SVART AGGRESSION combinations. But the 
bands I will remember are a grind band from the 
UK called URKO with a brilliant sense of 
humour, and two great fastcore bands from 
Sweden ASSEL and SECOND THOUGHT 
who released a split. 

April saw a re-issue of the RAW 
POWER "Screams from the 
Gutter" LP by a local label. In 
terms of Japanese recognition 
the LIP CREAM "Kill the 
IBM" and the "Punx" cassette comp 
were released as vinyl releases. 
Windsor' own DRY HEAVES were 
recognized with a discography release. The 
UK band RIPCORD were recognized for their 
brilliance with two re-issues, and CR had a 
discography grace their presence. A tribute 
comp of the 90's Minneapolis scene came out 
entitled "When Hell Freezes Over". In terms 
of new releases, DRILLER KILLER returned 
with a new ep and ATOCIOUS MADNESS 
had a split ep come out. A new 



DISCORDANCE AXIS release came 
out. An URKO split with ACTIVE 
MINDS was distributed through 
the release of "Direct Hit" 
fanzine out of France. And a 
power violence band from 
Germany known as SKRUPEL 
were to get their first full length. But 
local kids, RUINATION had a split 
release with THEY LIVE - who are like 
honorary locals, and a great "Titans of Thrash" 
comp which saw the return of DRI to recording. 

As for May, the INFEST live recording at 
KXLU turned out to be a disappointment. 
There was a releases of a live BUZZCOCKS 
concert from 1978, a collection of ANTI- 
CIMEX's material, a SICK THINGS boot, a 
WEIRDOS ep, Winnipeg's the UNWANTED, 
and yet another VARUKERS best of.... 
Sweden's LAST MATCH were recognized with 
a discography as were Florida's REVERSAL 
OF MAN. The FARTZ reunited and recorded 
old tracks and released the material themselves. 
AUS ROTTEN had another amazing LP, 
RIVETHEAD - a pop punk band in the 
vein of D4 released their first ep, a new 
Japanese band called BREAKFAST 
had their debut ep come out on a 
Czech label. FUCK ON THE 
BEACH had their long 
awaited second release - which 
pailed in comparison to earlier 
releases. GUYANA PUNCH LINE 
released a hard to find ep in Europe. JED 
WHITEY released a great 12". And a hard to 
find tour ep with TOTAL FURY and the 
OATH was released to support their tour. Two 
local releases, both in the street punk vein were 
to come out: RIOT '99's ep and the CLASS 
ASSASSINS demo ep. But the releases that I 
am greatful for May are this comp from 
Yokohama called the "Yokohama Punk 
Thrashers" comp, and the MILKMAN who 
play sXe sounding songs to a series of songs 
about an alien invasion (UFO's-aliens). 

June saw some very big bootlegs get released. 
The MINOR THREAT / YOUTH BRIGADE 
demo split was released, the NEGATIVE 
APPROACH "Pressure" boot was released, 
and MIA double LP was released and even a 
SICK PLEASURE boot came out. A new comp 
from Europe was issued called "Counter 
Culture". As for new releases, SHARK 
ATTACK were introduced, AMERICAN 
NIGHTMARE released their first ep, Bridge 
Nine became the label to get on for that school 
of sXe. NO PARADE were introduced, as were 
CRUCIAL UNIT. In the already heard of 
departments, GUYANA PUNCH LINE would 
release their second full length, ATROCIUS 
MADNESS would see their third release within 
6 months, rumours of aDEATHREAT reunion 
coupled by a Japanese tour saw the release of 
the DEATHREAT / DSB split - which is ultra 
rare in North America, LOCUST had a new ep 





come out, the second ZODIAC KILLERS 

Ip was released, a new VINDICTIVES 

LP came out, the last 

MAINSTRIKE ep was released, 

a new ARSEDESTROYER LP 

came out, ABUSO SONORO 

released a new split, the second 

JELLYROLL ROCKHEADS ep, 

■id FACE OF CHANGE had their 

demos released as a double ep. But June 

200 Ts contribution to hardcore would be a 

supergroup project from Chicago called 

PUNCH IN THE FACE, and the second 

"Barbaric Thrash Detonation" comp. 

July can be characterized by f 
MISFITS bootlegs, a boot of 
our namesake GAUZE, a \i: : ,$ 
domestic release of the first 
PAINTBOX LP, and another 
BUZZCOCKS live LP. There were 
also releases of the SLITS, a KAOS ep 
(from the early W. Coast scene), and a PEER 
PRESSURE release. In the world of comps, 
the "Chicago's on Fire" ep was released; five 
old Spanish Punk Rock 12"s as a comp 
LP; a gay rights comp from Argentina 
called "Perversos Desviados 
Invertidos"; and the first in a new 
series of skate comps entitled 
"Prevent This Tragedy". In 
terms of new material, a new 
band from Chicago called SIN 
ORDEN were released, SCOTT 
BAIO's ARMY from Colorado, ONE 
RIVER from Japan, the PACMEN, 
PARAGRAF 119, and CROSS ME from the 
Netherlands. In terms of already been 
introduced to . . . .REAL ENEMY saw their 
last ep get released and they broke up, 
an OATH 9" was released in Europe, 
a new LINE OF FIRE split was 
released, a new DIR YASSIN 
ep came out, a new 
CASUALTIES LP was released, 
an AVSKUM split 10" came out, a 
second DOWN IN FLAMES ep, a new 
DISKONTO LP, and a new FORWARD 
CD was released. The bands I will thank July 





for introducing include SCOTT BAIO's 
ARMY, and AUTHORITY ABUSE. 

August saw a frenzy of releases. In terms of 
re-issues and bootlegs the PAGANS saw two 
re-releases, ZOUNDS had a double LP, as did 
NYC's the MOB. There was a few live releases 
like an IRON CROSS show, THE CLASH and 
an early CHELSEA BBC recording. REALLY 
RED, REAL KIDS, TERVEET KADET, and 
the X had re-releases. And STACK had a 
discography come out, as did the PANICS, 
and NO SIDE. In terms of comps, the "End 
the Warzone" was finally re-issued, the 
"Cottage Cheese from the Lips of 
Death" came out again and 
features early BUTTHOLE 
SURFERS among others, a 
new comp called "Falafel grind" 
came out, as did a new skate comp 
entitled "Sk-8 or die". Some great new 
bands to come out in August include 
HOLY MOLAR, the BASEBALL FURIES, 
KENT BROCKMAN, an EFFIGY / APARAT 
split, an EXHALE ep were just a few. But the 
releases were dominated by new things by great 
previously released bands. The new 9 SHOCKS 
TERROR LP finally came out, a band from 
San Diego finally got the attention they 
deserved with a new full length, the 
GATECRSHERS had their first ep released and 
it was a screamer, a new DISCLOSE ep was 
released, a new CONTROL ep came out on a 
European label, a new Y LP was released to 
coincide with a North American tour, REAL 
REGGAE had a discography released, 
MONSTER X / CAPITALIST CASUALTIES 
split came out, a new split with the 
MILKMAN was released, an 
INTESNITY LP came out, the new 
POLICE LINE ep saw the light of 
day, the debut SPAZM 151 
album was out, new 
CITIZEN FISH, and a 
SCUM BRIGADE LP. But the 
new groups that came to my 
attention in August were a grind band 
called ASSEMBLY OF GOD, a new 
crusty band from Portland called 



/W\ 


CIUT 89.5 FM - "Equalizing Distort" 






^If 


Top 12 Hardcore Releases 
for Best of 2001 








DISTORT 










Band 


Title 


Format 


Label 


1. Allergic to Whores 

2. Vivisick 


Shadows in the Killing Field 
Punks were made 


CD 

ep 




Sound Pollution 
Sound Pollution 


3. Dumbstruck 


And We All Fall Down 


LP 




625 Productions 


4. Total Fury 

5. Teenage Rejects 

6. Down in Flames / Gatecrashers 


13 Songs 

Don't care about anything 

split 


LP 
ep 
ep 




Dan-Doh 
Rip Off 
Broken Glass 


7. X Limp Wrist X 

8. I Quit 

9. the Jeltyroil Rocklieads 

10. Hippies in Flames 
Il.VitaminX 


What's up with the kids 

intense and mild 

Bum One 

See thru their lies 


ep 
ep 
ep 
LP 
ep 




Paralogy 
Busted Head 
625 Production 
Records. ..not Excuses 
Underestimated 


12. Cockroach 


Stay Angry 


ep 




Acme 


Equalizing Distort can be heard every Sunday night on OUT 89.5 FM at 10:00 pm. The top 10 countdown can be heard 
in its entirety, complete with previews of the picks and analysis on the previous month in hardcore, on the last Sunday 
of the month. 



FUNERAL, the CANCER KIDS which 
appeared on the flip with MELEE and 
ALLERGIC TO WHORES out of 
OHIO. 

September had the distinction 
of really bringing CROW into 
the fold as the band saw two 
releases - a full length and a hard 
to find tour split with ARTIMUS 
PYLE. The month also saw the long 
awaited LIFE'S HALT / WHAT 
HAPPENS NEXT split LP. Life's Halt played 
their final shows around this time. A GAUZE 
/ KORO split was booted, a LARM / 
PANDEMONIUM split was booted, and an 
UPRIGHT CITIZENS discography was 
issued. The Japanese comp "Great Punk Hits" 
was pressed as vinyl, TEAR IT UP released a 
split with Sweden's EPILEPTIC TERROR 
ATTACK. The second great CRISPUS 
ATTUCKS release came out. A new POINT 
OF FEW ep was released. The first full length 
by FIELDS OF FIRE came out. SCROTUM 
GRINDER'S swan song was released. And a 
full length by STRONG INTENTION also 
came out. A band from Mexico called 
DESOBEDINACA CIVIL had their LP 
come out. A new SEEIN' RED split 
came out. A new LIE full length was 
released. And we finally got to 
hear what THE PEOPLE'S 
WAR would sound like on 
vinyl. New releases of old 
Finnish sounding things came out 
on Fight records including TURUN 
TAUTI and VIIMEINEN KOLONNA. 
A new SEVEN DAYS OF SAMSARA split 
came out and they toured extensively. An 
aweomse new Finish band by the name of 
SHARPEVILLE saw their first release. And 
the hardcore world was introduced to the 
BACKSTABBERS INC. with not one but two 
releases. But I will remember September for a 
new project band of Max Ward's called 
SCHOLASTIC DETH featuring members of 
STRUGGLE, a scream-o band from Norway 
called named after the Dallas TV star - J.R. 
EWING, and a new band featuring members 
from HERESY and RIPCORD called 
DUMBSTRUCK. 

October was characterized by three TEAR IT 
UP releases establishing them as the busiest 
hardcore band from 2001 just on a release 
output perspective. They had a split with 
DOWN IN FLAMES, a split with FAST 
TIMES, and a one sided ep - which 
is kind of like cheating. The new 
DS-13 LP came out. The 
second FROM ASHES RISE 
LP was released. The final 
HOLDING ON LP came out. A 
new VOORHEES release came out. 
A new 3 WAY COME was released as a 
split. A CLASH boot came out. The 
BLACK FLAG '83 demos were released as a 






boot. A BASTARD ep was booted annoying 
the band to no end. A NAUSEA 
discography came out. The scourge of 
live records saw releases of 
GENERATION X, the RUTS, the 
DEAD KENNEDYS, and 
SEEIN' RED. Joe Strummer's 
first band the 101'ers had a boot 
release. And a Canadian band by the 
name of THE ACTION saw a 
discography on an Italian label. Argentina's 
FUN PEOPLE had a new release. A 
discography of an early Berkely band KWIK 
WAY saw release, The fourth ATROCIOUS 
MADNESS ep came out making them the 
second most active band this year 
CONFLICT returned with a new 
release that is reported to be half 
decent. The project band - 
SEVERED HEAD OF STATE 
had an ep come out. STRIKE 
ANYWHERE saw their second 
release. And Wilbur Cobb had a new 
split come out. RUN FOR YOUR 
FUCKING LIFE had a discogrphy released 
in the same month as they played their final 
shows. A great new band from Spain was 
introduced to us called REDSHIFT. DON 
AUSTIN had their first release come 
out. A project band of x-Minutemen, 
Sonic Youth and Black Flag doing 
7 Seconds covers was released 
under the moniker of 
SOCIETY'S ILLS. There is lots 
to remember about October, but the 
new bands that will have been 
overshadowed by October's activities 
include a grind bands called KILLED IN 
ACTION for their split with CRUCIAL 
UNIT, an emo-violence band from Europe 
called BURST, and a garage band called 
the TEENAGE REJECTS. 

November saw a couple of 
@PATIA NO releases hot on 
the heels of the MRR Latin 
American issue. The JELLYROLL 
ROCKHEADS demo that I have been 
pimping quite a bit was released on 
Youth Attack in November, which gave me 
a certain amount of satisfaction. We heard from 
ASSININE SOLUTION for the first time in a 
while. The BORN DEAD ICONS released an 
ep on their own. New BRUCE BANNER saw 
a split with this super grind group from Sweden 
called SAYYAD1NA, both bands delivering 
the goods. An all female sXe project 
named SIREN had a release that folks 
around here went gaga for. "Wild 
in the Streets" part 2 of 
Element's skate comps came 
out. And an amazing new group 
from Italy called CONTRASTO 
had their first release. As for re- 
releases, discographies seemed to be the 
order of the day : A Crudos discography, a 
STRUGGLE discography, and a SEVERED 





HEAD OF STATE discography. DRI had a 
disputable "Greatest Hits" release come out. 
An old band by the name of PENETRATION 
saw a release. The PLUGZ ep was re-issued. 
The first EXCLAIM ep was issued in North 
America. A Japanese comp by the name of 
"Hardcore Unlawful Assembly" came out. 
Another DISCHARGE tribute record was 
released. A cool regional fastcore comp called 
"Be Quick or Be Dead" featured bands from 
Italy and Sweden heading off against each other. 
The CASUALTIES had another new full length 
come out. DEFACTO OPPRESSION, 
Wisconsin's touring wonders, released a CD. 
A Scottish band by the name of A.V.O., 
known for a release with 01 POLLOI 
had a new ep out. SOUND LIKE 
SHIT had a new release. 
TUMULT from Germany 
had their first full length. 
VITAMIN X had another ep out. 
GREG LOWERY started a new 
band with his name in the title. An 
awesome new Japanese band by the name 
of ASSAULT saw their first release. 
EXHALE had an awesome new release. And a 
new band by the name of COPS & ROBBERS 
came to our attention. But the bands I will 
remember November for are SPLITTING 
TEETH, DERIDE, and TOTAL FURY. 

December saw the second installment of 
"Killed by Hardcore" establishing this as a series 
done by fans. Another old school comp called 
"No One Left to Blame" was released in 
November. The "920 Wisoconsin Rock 'n Roil" 
comp came out as one of the few regional comps 
to come out this year. A comp of new school 
Finnish bands came out entitled "Lippajarvi 
Kokoelma". And a collection of some of the 
Fight releases came out out on a Brazilian 
label entitled "A Monumental 
Destruicao Vida...". In terms of 
bootlegs, the FAST CARS LP 
was all the talk. There was the 
NECROS boot, and the NIPS 
boot. No one talked about the 
% / CAPTAIN SENSIBLE ep or the latest 
RADIO BIRDMEN or even the CD issue 
of the RATOS DE PORAO. Bands that saw 
new releases included a GLOOM full length, a 
HARUM SCARUM 12", a new FLESHIES 
split with of all bands the VICTIM'S FAMILY, 
more from Brazil's ULSTER, a new SPAZM 
151 ep, a new BORN DEAD ICONS LP, a 
new SEEIN' RED split, and a new ETA LP - 
just before changing their name. But some bands 
to watch for came out of December like Finland's 
HERO/DISHONEST, or the TALK IS 
POISON/HARUM SCARUM side project 
called BOMBS AWAY or the DISASTER 
STRIKES CD, or the PROFITS ep. A band 
from LA called REAGAN SS had a split with 
JOHN BROWNS ARMY that was very good, 
a band called SNIPER released an excellent ep, 
and a new band from Japan called VIVISICK 
was introduced on Sound Pollution. 



reviews 





Blake LP 

This recording compiles two different recordings. 

The recording from 1996 exhibits some of the 

most energetic post punk I have ever heard and 

would be what you would expect any of those post 

summer of revolution bands to sound like had they 

kept a few more punk influences. Incorporating 

the ability to play soft and hard all in one song, to 

ride a riff in an agitative manner, and to know how long to do each. This is 

a great recording and reminds me of OKARA. The 1999 sound represents 

the mature side of these bands which means great musicianship, a lot more 

mellow, and lacking in punk energy. Side A is for folks into mid-80's 

Dischord punk. Side B is for the latter day post punk indie-emo kids. 

(Blue Skies turn Black / 214 Thornhill / D.D.O., Quebec / H9G 1P7 / 

Canada) 

Closet Monster "Killed the Radio Star" CD 

If you politicized SCREECHING WEASEL and combined it with some of 

the experimentation of D4, you'd get Closet Monster. Lyrically, influenced 

by PROPAGHANDI and progressive politics, they lay out alternative 

floorplans to a better world. Like MARILYN'S VITAMINS, they still draw 

on that Mid-west political pop-punk sound that is catchy as hell, 

incorporating harmonized group choruses to every song. Very cool usage of 

samples. They release their own material. It's a fuckin' diamond in the 

rough and you should dig for this one. 

(Underground Monkey Operations / 59 Linton Avenue / Ajax, ON / LIT 

2V9 / Canada / Website: www.closetmonster.com) 

Cops and Robbers "Execution style" ep 

Along with OUT COLD, LAST IN LINE, RED 

REACTION and FIT FOR ABUSE, COPS AND 

ROBBERS are keeping the Massachuessets 

tradition of rough, angry hardcore alive and kicking 

into the 21st century, as this fine sophomore EP 

proves in spades. Six tracks here, all raw, concise 

three-chord rippers with hateful lyrics spit out by 

one of the nastier vocalists going, bringing to mind "Step on it"-era 

SLAPSHOT or, for a more recent comparison, Philadelphia's SHARK 

ATTACK. The delivery is bit quicker and cleaner than that of such obvious 

inspirations as DYS and LAST RIGHTS, but this nonetheless an excellent 

example of America's long-overdue hardcore revival. Recommended. 

(Bridge 9 / P.O. Box 990052 / Boston, MA / 02199-0052 / USA) 

Effigy/Aparat split ep 

Yet another APARAT? This one's from Japan, 

and their five tracks here are solidly in the early- 

DISCHARGE/DISORDER-by-way-of-Finland style 

that the name implies — a chaotic and noisy rush 

of sloppy thrash fueled by tribal drumming and a 

fat bass rumble that occasionally lends vaguely 

melodic elements to the attack. Lyrics are in 

Swedish, English and Finnish; overall, decent but certainly not spectacular. 

EFFIGY, on the other hand, absolutely destroy with their brutal crusty 

lurch. The songs are pure formula, but it's an effective template that might 

wear thin on an LP but easily carries one side of a 7": heavy, rhythmic 

crunch breaking into devastating chugga sections that recall "Ride the 

lightning"-era METALLICA played with pure, bludgeoning singie- 

mindedness and throat-searingly gruff vocals choking out painfully overtop. 

In distinct contrast to the disposable noise of most "crust" outfits, EFFIGY 

are tight and controlled, due largely to their ace drummer. With SDS defunct, 

it's nice to know that there's another Japanese band out there that's more 

than happy to continue pumping out the AXEGRINDER-on-steroids damage 

with such confidence. 

(Forest Records / Ceramica 2 #301 / 2~l-37Minami / Kokubunji, Tokyo 

185-0021 JAPAN) 

Exclaim / Jellyroll Rockheads "Never Trust" 
ep 

Probably two of the best fastcore bands to come 
out of Japan on one split. Too bad this material 
pails in comparison to their earlier releases. 
EXCLAIM's side overmodulates to the point of 
unlistenability, much like their LP. The recording 
is too fuzzed out to make sense of their topsy 





turvy thrash assault. EXCLAIM's version of "Pressure" is cool to hear, The 
JELLYROLL ROCKHEADS recording sounds thin. They do a neat 
RAMONES influenced interpretation of EXCLAIM's "No Skate, No 
Thrash". But there is lots of chaos to the recording and lots of inspiring 
vocal sing-alongs, just not delivered with all the wallop of any of their other 
recordings. It sucks because they just broke up and so they probably won't 
get a chance to redeem themselves. 

(625 Productions / P.O. Box 423413 / San Francisco, CA / 94142-3413 / 
USA) 






Exhale "Strive against fate" ep 

Hailing from Kofu City, EXHALE deliver four 

tracks of standard modern Japanese hardcore on 

this fine EP, This has all the elements one expects 

from the style: big but raw production, a relentlessly 

driving beat that never crosses into tuneless thrash, 

gang choruses, excellent, tasteful guitar work and 

scowling vocals that recall Roger of AGNOSTIC 

FRONT. Ail in all, a very strong effort in the vein of DSB and NIGHTMARE, 

from a band that has clearly been doing its homework. 

(Throw Up / Green Heights #101 / 1315-17 Zaiketsuka Shirane-Cho / 

Nakakoma-gun Yamanashi-ken / 400-0221 Japan) 

Flash Gordon "Troma City Pollution Attack!" CD 

Much better than their first LP, FLASH GORDON 

rip at Queen's version of the song "Flash Gordon" 

as they launch into a pummelling snare attack, 

driven by distorto skate chords and fist eating 

screams. The new reigning kings of fastcore lay 

down 16 new songs of ripping thrash complete with 

all the group choruses you can pound your fist in 

the air to. "3 rd World Punk Song" is a complete ripper. "Daniel Wax Off!" 

is a neat way of poking fun at karate exploitation films like "The Karate 

Kid". It's a blast beat mayhem sure to please even the most cynical burning 

spirits fan. 

(Answer / Hase Bid No.2 Bl / 5-49 Osu 3 Naka-ku Nagoya City / Aichi 460 

/ Japan) 

Forea Maeabrfl "Mens olhos so veem dor..," ep 

Finland's Brazil-worshiping thrashers FORCA 

MACABRA turn in another strong effort here, a 

six-track EP consisting of five originals and 

(surprise) an ARMAGEDOM cover. This is definite 

love-it-or-hate-it stuff, no concession to melody 

or taste whatsoever. In keeping with their Brazilian 

inspiration, FM's forte is a truly fierce hybrid of 

pissraw chainsaw hardcore (DISCHARGE, ANTI-CIMEX, RATOS DE 

PORAO), MOTORHEAD and violent early thrash metal (early BATHORY, 

HELLHAMMER and pre-'86 SLAYER). Distortion-drenched twin guitars 

buzz and slash, rising occasionally into sick, atonal leads, drums race and 

gutteral vocals seethe with disgust — one of the most effective distillations 

of genre-transcending rage I've heard in a long while. Released on a Japanese 

label, beautifully packaged and featuring ARMAGEDOM guitarist Javier. 

(Overthrow Records / Maruta-Palace #402 / 2 1-5 Shimo-Shinsluiku / Ichikawa 

/ Chiba 272-01/ Japan) 

Hero Dishonest "Pleasure/Disgust" CD 

HERO DISHONEST sounds like a posi-thrash 

version of SEVERED HEAD OF STATE. One 

vocalist sounds like the singer from DEATHREAT, 

the other sounds like the singer from D4, and the 

music sounds like EPILEPTIC TERROR ATTACK. 

Surprisingly, all the styles work very well together 

and the songs sound different, as with each song one ii, , 

out differently then the other, Its like a tug-of war that included MINOR 

THREAT, PINHEAD GUNPOWDER and TRAGEDY. Each song sounds 

very different and they are all top notch hardcore songs.., and there are 27 

of them with some of them being in Finnish. 

(Kauppakartanonkaju / 3 F 70 / 00930 Helsinki / Finland) 

Intensity "Ruins" LP 

The title track sucks you into thinking that these 
guys have taken the fall for the mosh metal sound 
and then a blazing thrash song comes ringing out of 
the low-end dissonance and you remember how this 
band live up to their name. Although the band 
sounds a lot heavier than their previous outings, 
they haven't lost any of the speed or punch that 



"ft. ' Tl 





they deliver their thrashers at. And they do a CITIZENS ARREST cover, 
how cool is that ? Youth crew gets heavy and delivers everything at a thrash 
speeds. 

(Deranged Records/P.O,Box543,S(ationP/Toronto,ON/M5S2Tl/Canada) 



show listjnas 



*??*¥ 





Jerk Circus "Nevermind the Suburbs" CD 

Jerk Circus is what you get when the worlds of pop 

punk and ska collide, which isn't too far of a stretch. 

For the most part they have some of the catchiness 

and consciousness of BAD RELIGION, but the 

singing reminds me of early East Bay material that 

came to influence bands like GREEN DAY. And 

then every so often they will throw in a ska part — 

("C# Ska" or "Opener") or write a song that has personal lyrics .; 

right things are pulled from these respective genres: the music overall is 

very speedy and picked with precision, the lyrics are more then personal 

dimensional, the vocals are sung very well, and they pull from other aspects 

that have influenced punk. In some ways this release is too flawless, but not 

to a fault. 

(Re-Define Records / 28 Fulton Way, Unit 1 • Richmond Hill, Ontario • 

Canada L4B 1J5) 

Jersey "Definition" CD ep 

A stripped down four piece version of Jersey without 

the bells and whistles and with more rock. Sarah is 

gone, the horn section is kaput, but that pub punk 

feel of RANCID remains. There is a slower sound 

to their material, but added emphasis on parts that 

make this catchier. The beefed up back up vocals 

also add a sing-along feel and although they show 

signs of slowing down, their music writing is getting better. There is the 

added bonus of a DAG NASTY cover, but it fits in with JERSEY'S material. 

(Fueled by Ramen . P.O. Box 12563 / Gainesville, FL / 32604 / USA) 

Kohu-63 "Neljalla vuosikymmenella, Kahdella 

vuosituhannella" CD 

I am of two minds over this band. It reminds me of 

the new wave of Japanese bands that feature former 

members of some of the greats that are releasing 

new material that is more rock influenced like 

JUDGEMENT. You can hear the reminisces of 

classic Finnish hardcore groups like RIISTETYT 

or BASTARDS in their playing, but they play a lot more rock based punk. 

Having said that, I listened to this against a discography CD of theirs that 

has material dating back to 1989 and some of this new stuff kicked it's ass. 

The vocals are growly the way Joey Shithead would sound if he was singing 

for a band on Distortion Records - rough with a little more edge. The songs 

are simple punk songs with some cool back and forth vocals effects. The 

guitar has a buzzsaw tinge. For the most part the new Kohu-63 will appeal 

to kids into the straight forward chaos punk sound, but who can appreciate 

the subtleties of early Finnish hardcore, 

(Stay Free Underground / PL 264 / 33101 Tampere / Finland) 

The Plan "Only These Movements Remain" CD 

This is indie rock and it reminds me a lot of 

FUGAZI, Now I stopped listening to FUGAZI after 

"Repeater" so my point of reference is the FUGAZI 

that relied moreso on energy and less on 

experimentation. The guitar riffs that ring out and 

the repetition of parts that go into new things 

make this sound like FUGAZI, But the play between rhythm and syncopation 

remind me an awful lot of OKARA. This is very interesting indie rock and 

has not lost the energy of their punk roots. 

(Matlock Records / 1858 Auclair Blvd. / Ste-Foy, QC / G2G 1R7 / Canada) 

They Live CD-R 

Cross power violence with straight edge and a 

picture of THEY LIVE wilt be the description. 

Borrowing both methods of pummeling trudging 

slowness and super speedy gallop-core, THEY LIVE 

incorporate crunchy ringing guitar parts with 

breakdown structures that encourages singing along 

to lyrics about the shitty state of affairs. THEY 

LIVE embody the best of all worlds. This CD-R is an advance of the ep that 

is suppose to come out on Blurred Records, For impatient folks like myself, 

get in their and write, (e-mail: theylive716@aol.com) 






SATURDAY JANUARY 26* @ Corktown (Hamilton) - NO TIME LEFT, 

OXBAKER, GET WISE, BLACK EYES CLUB 

SATURDAY JANUARY 26* @ Waterdown YMCA - THE GETAWAY, 

SILVERSTEIN, SEARCHING FOR CHIN, VINCENT BLACK SHADOW, 

JUDE THE OBSCURE 

SUNDAY FEBRUARY 3RD @ CIUT, basement - RIOT '99 

FRIDAY FEBRUARY IS* @ Royale Cinema - Kung Fu Fridays 

Film: The Leg Fighters 

SUNDAY FEBRUARY 24 th @ TBA in Hamilton - SLAYER, HATEBREED 

SUNDAY MARCH 3 rd @ venue, afternoon - CLOSE CALL, A-TEAM, 

OUR X WAR, SCARE TACTIC 

SUNDAY MARCH 3 ri @ CIUT, basement - CAREER SUICIDE 

TUESDAY MARCH 5™ @ The Memorial Boys and Girls Club (a.k.a, The 

Zone) in London, 8pm - KILL YOUR IDOLS, THE CONTROL, OUR 

WAR, OX BAKER, GET WISE 

If you are trying to finds out about shows in the city you can c all the 
Hardcore Hotline at (416) 535-8184 or consult the "The Show listings 
Guide", which can be subscribed from at 

freakstierdsromantics@mail.com. If there is a show that you know about 
that isn 't on this list, please forward it onto us at 
equalizingxdistort@ciut.fm. 



rumour mill 



The ABANDONED HEARTS CLUB have a website up and running 
now and the U.R.L. is www.theabandonedheartsclub.com . * Longshot 
Records is working on a street punk compilation featuring bands from 
Toronto on one side and bands from out West and will include material 
from the CLASS, RIOT '99, the CLASS ASSASSINS, WEDNESDAY 
NIGHT HEROS, THE CLEATS, and KNUCKLEHEAD * Chris from 
RUINATION has moved to Montreal. He has started a new band in 
Montreal with Radwan of IRE called THE CURSED. Mike Haliechuk, 
of FUCKED UP, is playing bass and Christian McMaster, of the 
SWARM, is playing guitar. They are rumoured to sound like a cross 
between BOLT THROWER meets UNBROKEN meets the Fight Club 

* RUINATION are working on getting the split with POINT OF FEW 
out and are also contributing to the "Youth Attack" comp to be out soon. 
They maybe touring Europe this summer, as well * Simon has heard a 
new scream-o crossover project from Quebec City called MI AMORE. 
They feature ex-members of FIFTH HOUR HERO (formerly JONAH) 

* That new CLOSET MONSTER recording is so fucking good and the 
artwork is being put together by Colin ex-Marilyn's Vitamins dude. 
Underground Monkey Operations will be releasing a i) comp called 
"Greetings from the Underground", ii) a MARILYN'S VITAMINS 
anthology, iii) a BOMBS OVER PROVIDENCE / MARILYN'S 
VITAMINS split, and iv) a HAPPY GO LUCKY full length, as well as 
that BOMBS OVER PROVIDENCE full length * Get ready for the 
circulation of a SNEEZEGUARD recording featuring the unholy alliance 
of Simon Ugly Pop on vocals, Andy Shank on guitar, and Martin Farkas 
on drums * OUR WAR's new recording sounds much heavier than their 
demo and they are playing an AGNOSTIC FRONT cover live. I heard 
that they are working on a STRAIGHT AHEAD cover as one of their 
next songs * Deranged Records has just confirmed a one sided 12" with 
HOLIER THAN THOU (from California) and a vinyl format for the 
new ALLERGIC TO WHORES (from Ohio) CD that will be due out on 
Sound Pollution in March * Happy Birthday to Sandy Miranda of 
"Freaks & Geeks' * New Suburban Voice is out with interviews of 
TEAR IT UP, DEATHREAT, CRISPUS ATTUCKS, EBRO, LAST IN 
LINE, LIFE'S HALT, and RATOS DE PORAO. It is thick as a brick and 
chocked full of material and comes with an incredible sampler CD of 
material including the likes of D4, LIMP WRIST, PUNCH IN THE 
FACE, SELF DEFENCE, JBA, and many others. Write Suburban Voice 
c/o Al Quint at PO Box 2746 / Lynn, MA / 01903 * THE CLASS are 
working on the recording of a new four song ep to be released on Wounded 
Paw, tentatively entitled "Hope and Glory" *